# How to reproduce nonrelativistic results¶

## DIRAC nonrelativistic Hamiltonians¶

To approach the nonrelativistic limit you can either switch to the 4-component Lévy-Leblond Hamiltonian:

```
**DIRAC
[...]
**HAMILTONIAN
.LEVY-LEBLOND
```

or the 2-component nonrelativistic (Schrodinger) Hamiltonian:

```
**DIRAC
[...]
**HAMILTONIAN
.NONREL
```

## Changing speed of light¶

Another option to reproduce nonrelativistic data with the Dirac relativistic Hamiltonian is to increase the speed of light (here to 2000 a.u.):

```
**DIRAC
[...]
**GENERAL
.CVALUE
2000.0
```

## Adjusting the nucleus model¶

Most nonrelativistic programs employ a point nucleus model.
Point nucleus is default for `.NONREL`

and Gaussian nucleus
is default for ``.LEVY-LEBLOND`

.
You can always force point nuclei in DIRAC:

```
**DIRAC
[...]
**INTEGRALS
.NUCMOD
1
```

## Basis sets¶

With the above mentioned nonrelativistic Hamiltonians the user can also employ variety of standard nonrelativistic basis sets present in the “basis_dalton” directory.

Altogether, to reproduce results of most nonrelativistic packages the user should set nonrelativistic Hamiltonian, switch to point nucleus if necessary for the compatibility, and choose some nonrelativistic basis set.

Recommended method of choice is the closed shell Hartree-Fock SCF, which can be followed by the CCSD(T) correlation method. In this case you are to check the occupied shells, and active space, respectively.

# An example using DALTON¶

Apart from specifying a nonrelativistic Hamiltonian and a point charge nuclear model in the DIRAC input, the user should be aware of the fact that DIRAC uses Cartesian Gaussian functions, while DALTON uses Spherical Gaussian functions.

One route is to force DALTON to use Cartesian Gaussian functions (refer to the DALTON manual) and the following DIRAC input file:

```
**DIRAC
[...]
**GENERAL
.SPHTRA
0 0
**INTEGRALS
.NUCMOD
1
**HAMILTONIAN
.LEVY-LEBLOND
*END OF
```

A second route is to use DALTON defaults regarding basis functions and the following DIRAC input file:

```
**DIRAC
[...]
**INTEGRALS
.NUCMOD
1
**HAMILTONIAN
.LEVY-LEBLOND
*END OF
```

The user should make sure that the geometry is specified in atomic units as the conversion factor from Angstrom to AU may be different in the two programs.